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Fungus: What causes toe nail fungus and how to get rid of it.

Typically, toenails should be more or less a clear, partially translucent color. But sometimes, they can appear yellow, green, blue, purple, or black.

Additionally, several things can cause toenail discoloration (also known as chromonychia). These range from minor injuries to potentially serious health conditions.

Here’s a look at nail fungus as one of the most likely causes of your toenail discoloration and how its treated.

Nail fungus.

Nail fungus, also called onychomycosis, is one of the most prevalent causes of toenail discoloration. The most common organism to cause toenail fungus is called dermatophyte.

However, mold or yeast can also infect toenails. Dermatophytes grow by eating your body’s keratin.

If you have nail fungus, your toenail color might be:

  1. yellow
  2. reddish brown
  3. green
  4. black

Furthermore, the discoloration tends to start under the tip of your nail. Left untreated, the discolored area will grow as the infection spreads.

Anyone can develop nail fungus. But certain people have a higher risk, including older adults and people with reduced blood circulation or weakened immune systems.

Other things that can contribute to nail fungus include:

  1. frequent sweating
  2. walking barefoot
  3. small cuts or scraps near your nail

How to treat nail fungus

Ideally,  mild fungal infections usually respond well to over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal treatments, which you can find on Greenliving Plus online store. Look for something that contains either clotrimazole or terbinafine. You can also try these 10 home remedies.

Getting rid of toenail discoloration can take a bit of time. But once you’ve addressed the underlying issue, there are several things you can do to prevent the discoloration from returning.

These include:

  1. Wash your feet regularly and follow up with a good moisturizer.
  2. Wear breathable shoes and moisture-absorbing socks.
  3. Make sure your shoes aren’t too tight.
  4. Wear shoes when walking around public areas, especially locker rooms and pool areas.
  5. Trim nails straight across and use a nail file to smooth the edges.
  6. Use trusted nail salons that sterilize their tools after every use.
  7. Change your socks regularly and don’t reuse dirty socks.
  8. Wait until your feet are completely dry before putting on socks or shoes.
  9. Don’t wear nail polish for more than two weeks at a time.

If you have a severe fungal infection that’s painful or causes your nail to thicken or crumble, it’s best to see a professional. Left untreated, several fungal infections can cause permanent nail damage.

Moreover, you should also see a healthcare provider if you have diabetes and a fungal infection in your toenail. Additionally, you can call us/whatsapp on +254712703878 or +254743606131

Article inspired by Healthline.

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